# P6 to S1 IP1 / S2 IP2 Head Start Classes for Students in 2022

## Prime Factorisation

Prime Factorisation is the breaking down of huge numbers into their basic Prime Factors form. Students will learn the use of Prime Factorisation in Cryptography and understand it's practicality
• Introduction to Prime Numbers
• Divisibility Test
• Square numbers and Cube numbers

## Number Line and Significant Figures

This will be the first-time students get in touch with Negative Numbers and its role in a Number Line. Students will also learn operations with Negative Numbers, Fractions and Significant Figures, the cornerstones of Secondary Math.
• Negative Numbers on a Number Line
• Rational and Irrational Numbers
• Rules of Significant Figures

## Basic Algebraic Equations

The basis of Secondary Math is the ability to form equations and solve for the unknowns. Students will first understand the operations of Algebra and apply it in simple questions. This will replace the model method students have been using in Problem Sums.
• Go beyond Primary Math's model method
• Operations with Algebra
• Using x as the unknown
• Form equations to solve Problem Sums

## Real World Applications

Real World Applications has been incorporated into the revised Math syllabus. Students are required to apply Math concepts in questions that have large data and varying topics. Students will be exposed to practical real-life finances such as Hire Purchase, Simple Interest, Mobile Plan Calculation
• Use Percentage in Real World Applications
• Understand Practical Finance
• Use data to make the decisions

## Other Topics

We cover all other topics in our regular classes. Send us your child’s exam paper as we analyse and recommend classes most suitable for your child. Contact us to find out more.

## Elements, Compounds & Mixture

In Primary Science, we learned about matter defined as anything that has mass and occupies space. As we move into Secondary Science, we take a deeper look into classifying matter as elements compounds or mixtures.
• Classify matter into elements, compounds and mixture according to the different properties
• Take a closer look at the periodic table of elements (and bring it home!)
• Classify elements into metals and non-metals and their states
• Understand simple formula

## Separation Techniques – Chromatography

There are a few physical methods to separate different types of mixture. We will learn how Chromatography identifies components in a mixture and its real-life examples.
• Understand the principle of chromatography.
• Interpret chromatograms
• Perform your own experiment – finding out what is in the ink dye
• Real life examples of chromatography: drug test, Food test at NEA

## Atomic Structure

Atoms are the basic building blocks of matter. Students will learn about an atom’s structure, its structural elements and how its part in molecule formation.
• Learn about what is inside an atom – the smallest unit of matter
• Interpret chemical symbols and numbers from the periodic table
• Find out which elements gain or loss electrons to form ions
• Draw the dot and cross diagrams of ions

## Mass Weight Density

Students will learn to identify physical properties of materials and the interrelation between mass, weight and density. Upon completion, students will be able to both accurately distinguish and calculate mass and volume using the appropriate instruments.
• Manipulate the relationship between mass, volume and density
• Appreciate the application of density in real life experiments – (diet) coke, submarines
• Bring home your very own Cartesian Diver

## Force

We learned that force is either a pull or push. Now we are going to learn about the classic Netwon's law of motion theory and how we can classify forces as balanced or unbalanced and contact or non-contact.
• Appreciate the various effects of forces (including friction)
• Classify forces as balanced or unbalanced forces
• Learn about contact and non-contact forces
• Appreciate and apply Newton's law of motion to daily life

## Transport in Animals

Students will explore the human transport system comprising of the heart, blood and blood vessels in detail. Learn how blood flows in our body
• Appreciate the various parts of the heart using a human heart model
• Understand and hear how the heart beats and blood is being circulate around
• Learn the structure of blood vessels in relation to their function
• Live demonstration of dissection of animal’s heart with hands-on manipulation (if available)

## Other Topics

We cover all other topics in our regular classes. Send us your child’s exam paper as we analyse and recommend classes most suitable for your child. Contact us to find out more.

## Simulatenous Equations

Having learnt basic algebra and algebraic equations in Sec 1, students will be exposed to more complex and challenging. Students will model equations with 2 variables, form equations and use Simultaneous Equations Techniques to solve questions.
• Learn Elimination and Substitution
• Form 2 equations in Word Problems
• Understand the use of Simultaneous

Graphs are often deemed as the hardest concept for most students. In this module, we revisit the fundamentals of a straight-line graph and learn how to plot and draw curves on graph paper.
• Gradient of a Straight Line
• Draw 2 straight lines and finding point of intersection
• Use the curve ruler to draw Quadratic Curves

## Algebraic Identities and its uses

Algebraic identities is a major topic as upper Sec Math topics are build upon this concept. Students will be exposed to the 3 Algebraic Identities and its uses to gain familiarity before advancing onto the new school year.
• Learn the 3 Algebraic identities
• Use Algebraic identities in large integers
• Learn about the uses of Common Algebraic Identities

Quadratic function is the foundation of advanced algebra in Sec 2. Students will learn to expand and factorise Quadratic Functions using various techniques to enhance their arithmetic skills.
• Expand functions with the use of brackets
• Use cross factorisation or multiplication frame for factorising
• Use quadratic factorisation to find factors of large integers

## Algebra Revision

Algebraic Manipulation is a major skill which students needs to incorporate all algebraic knowledge they have into forming algebraic fractions. Students will learn to use Algebraic Identities and Quadratic Factorisation to form and manipulate Algebraic Fractions
• Algebraic Fractions
• Subject Formulae

## Other Topics

We cover all other topics in our regular classes. Send us your child’s exam paper as we analyse and recommend classes most suitable for your child. Contact us to find out more.

## Atomic Structure

Atoms are the basic building blocks of matter. Students will learn about an atom’s structure, its structural elements and how its part in molecule formation.
• Learn about what is inside an atom – the smallest unit of matter
• Interpret chemical symbols and numbers from the periodic table
• Find out which elements gain or loss electrons to form ions
• Draw the dot and cross diagrams of ions

## Chemical Formula & Equations – Prerequisite Atomic Structure

• Learn to write formulas from names given using the ions of the periodic table
• Understand chemical equations that has taken place
• Write simple chemical equations from word equations given
• Balance chemical equations

## Chemical Bonding – Prerequisite Atomic Structure

• Learn about ionic bonds – formed between metals and non-metals
• Learn about covalent bonds – formed between non-metals and non-metals
• Draw dot and cross diagrams of ionic and covalent compounds
• Pick up techniques to answer questions with unknown symbols given

## Force

We learned that force is either a pull or push. Now we are going to learn about the classic Netwon's law of motion theory and how we can classify forces as balanced or unbalanced and contact or non-contact.
• Appreciate the various effects of forces (including friction)
• Classify forces as balanced or unbalanced forces
• Learn about contact and non-contact forces
• Appreciate and apply Newton's law of motion to daily life

## Electricity

Students will explore electrical systems and identify the function of each component. Learn about the use of electricity in our daily lives and how electrical energy is calculated and consumed.
• Learn about the 3 components of electricity – voltage (V), current (I), resistance (R)
• Learn how to connect simple circuits and manipulate the relationship V=IR
• Take a look inside the electrical extension at the various wires and their uses
• Learn to analyse and calculate your household electricity bills

## Transport in Animals

Students will explore the human transport system comprising of the heart, blood and blood vessels in detail. Learn how blood flows in our body
• Appreciate the various parts of the heart using a human heart model
• Understand and hear how the heart beats and blood is being circulate around
• Learn the structure of blood vessels in relation to their function
• Live demonstration of dissection of animal’s heart with hands-on manipulation (if available)

## Other Topics

We cover all other topics in our regular classes. Send us your child’s exam paper as we analyse and recommend classes most suitable for your child. Contact us to find out more.